What Is Root Canal And How Does It Work?
This is a dental treatment that eliminates the infected pulp from inside the root of a tooth. The goal of this procedure is to relieve pain, save, and restore a severely damaged tooth from extraction. Our dentist might recommend root canal therapy if you have an infected or severely damaged tooth. This helps save your natural tooth from being extracted. If you need a root canal, contact us today to book an appointment and learn your options.
Did you know…
Tooth stains can be caused by drinks like coffee and tea, foods like curry or tomato sauce, smoking, or even the natural aging process.
How it works: The root canal therapy process
The root canal therapy process starts with an examination where your dentist will examine your teeth to understand the nature of the problem. This will involve taking x-rays to assess the severity of the infection and determine the best way to treat it.
Your dentist will administer a local anesthetic to numb the area to control the pain or discomfort you may experience during the procedure. The dentist will then place a dental dam over the tooth surface to protect the affected area and keep the saliva away.
Open the Tooth
The dentist will drill to open the top of the tooth to access the infected nerve. They will then use specialized instruments to remove the damaged pulp and nerve from the tooth. Next, the dentist will clean and shape the inside of the tooth to prepare it for root canal treatment.
Filling the Canal
The last step is filling the root canal with a special material to prevent further decay and infection. The dentist will then seal the tooth with a cap, crown, or any other restoration device to protect it and restore its shape.
Types of Root Canals
Non-Surgical Root Canal Procedure
Non-surgical root canal treatment or root canal therapy is a procedure that uses a special instrument to clean out an infected tooth without the need for surgery. It involves cleaning the inside of the root canal to remove the infected tissue and prepare it for filling.
Surgical Root Canal Procedure
A surgical root canal or endodontic therapy is a procedure used to treat an infected or decayed tooth. During this procedure, the dentist will access your root canal system through an incision in the gum.
Have Questions About A Root Canal? Find Answers Here
Does A Root Canal Procedure Hurt?
How Long Does A Root Canal Last?
Root canals are designed to offer a long-term solution to an infected or damaged tooth. A root canal can last 10 to 15 years or more if crowned and well cared for.
Can a Root Canal Fail and Why?
Root canal failure means the tooth has to be treated again and, in severe cases, extracted entirely. To answer the question, the answer is yes, a root canal can fail. This is especially possible when the dentist responsible for it fails to remove all the bacteria in the decayed area, causing re-infection.
A root canal also fails when the filling sealing the affected canal falls out, meaning it’s no longer protected from bacteria. It also fails when the dentist doesn't fit the crown properly, allowing bacteria to slip into the affected root and leading to re-infection.
Root canals also fail when the patient cracks or chips the affected tooth. Doing so exposes the inner parts of the tooth to cavity-causing bacteria, leading to re-infection. Schedule an immediate dental appointment if you notice swelling, pain, and blisters near the affected tooth. That’s because your root canal has likely failed and requires prompt dental attention.
How to Avoid a Root Canal?
Root canals are necessary for treating severe dental decay extending to the pulp cavity in the tooth’s core. The best way to avoid a root canal is by maintaining proper oral hygiene. This entails brushing your teeth for two minutes twice daily, once in the morning and right before you go to sleep.
You should also floss once daily, preferably after your last meal, to remove plaque, tartar, and debris stuck between teeth. While at it, don’t forget to use fluoride toothpaste and rinse your mouth with fluoride mouthwash. Fluoride protects the teeth against cavities and remineralizes eroded parts of the enamel.
You should also schedule regular dental cleanings at least twice yearly to remove plaque and tartar from your teeth. At the same time steer clear of sugary and acidic foods that promote dental decay. You should also avoid biting into hard foods or using your teeth as a bottle opener. You may crack your tooth, exposing the sensitive inner parts.
Why Do Root Canals Irritate Sinuses?
It’s true that root canals irritate the sinuses, but they don’t cause sinus infections. However, they can cause sinus communication, which occurs when a hole is unintentionally created in the sinus lining.The ends of the roots of the rear teeth are very near to the sinus lining.
Cleaning out the roots involves poking into the roots to remove the infected pulp. It’s normal for the dentist to poke into the sinus lining while cleaning the infected roots, causing sinus communication.
Sinus communication leads to infection-like symptoms like a runny nose, congestion, and post-nasal drip. The good news is that it mostly affects a single sinus on the side of the affected tooth. Sinus communication shouldn't be a cause of concern and should go away within a few days. However, if it doesn’t make it a priority to visit the dentist.